In Cambodia, like in most societies, the task of cleaning, cooking and taking care of the well-being of family members have long been assigned to women. This household work, considered as a typical women‟s occupation, is often not perceived as “employment”. It is looked upon as unskilled because most women have traditionally been considered capable of doing the work, and the skills they are taught by other women in the home are perceived to be innate. When paid, therefore, the work remains undervalued and poorly regulated.
This study and its key findings intend to bring greater attention to the situation of domestic workers in Cambodia and to facilitate the development of strategies and practical measures for promoting their rights and employment and working conditions in the country.
The study, conducted in the three main urban areas of the Kingdom, aims to understand the realities facing domestic workers in Cambodia, with a particular focus on their profile in terms of sex, age and origin and on their real employment and working conditions. A questionnaire was collaboratively designed by the ILO and the Trade Unions to gather comprehensive information on the profile of domestic workers. The main issues identified are hours of work, wage, workload and rest periods, contractual conditions, social security coverage, physical and other form of abuse and exploitation.