Of the 700,000 domestic workers who are living in Spain according to the Survey of Active Population EPA, and of the 300,000 affiliates to the Social Security, 90,000 only go to the General Regime approved in the pensions reform.
Only 90,634 domestic workers, an overwhelmingly feminine group, contribute to the new regime of Social Security. Agreed during the last pensions reform, in January 2011, by the Government of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero and social agents, the measurement establishes that these employees will stop contributing to the old special regime and will happen to integrate into the General Regime, to which 13.5 million workers belong, which is the great majority of employees in Spain.
Those 90,634 employees form scarcely 13% of the 700,000 people who operate in the sector, according to the Survey of Active Population (EPA). Of them, less than half, some 300,000, contribute to the Social Security. The rest moonlights. The 216,802 who are not in the new registry contribute to the old Special Regime of Domestic Workers, according to Tomás Burgos, the Secretary of State of the Social Security.
The reform of the Toledo Pact, a frame that serves social agents to adopt any change regarding the system of pensions, has been anticipating improvements in the domestic work which started to be applied in January. One of them is the obligation of the employer to contribute to the Social Security from the first hour that he contracts, and not when his domestic worker hd reached 20 hours. That said the old norm.
In January this procedure which affects the domestic workers already began to show punctures. The first month 11,000 people only changed the regime, less than 4%. Two months later, the passage to the general regime acquired more determination, but it continues being insufficient. However, the 30 of June the Special Regime will be integrated obligatorily in the General. The most important agreement reached in the reform of the Toledo Pact continues being, however, the delay in the age of retirement, from 65 to 67 years.
Read the article in Spanish language.