Researchers of the Independent National University of Mexico (UNAM) presented a series of results on the national economy, in which they emphasize that 59 percent of the employed population, that is to say, 28 million people are in the informality. Among those who are 60 years old or more, this situation reaches to 75.7 percent.
The data contradict to the ones spread by the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI) which recognize the existence of only 12.8 million workers in the informal sector.
In the presentation, Norma Samaniego, investigator of the Faculty of Economy, explained that the data around the informality differ from the official data, because in the considerations of the INEGI groups of the rural sector in precarious conditions are not included, neither are the remunerated domestic workers without access to social security, nor are the not remunerated, independent of which sector they are working.
The methodologic conception used in these analyses – she clarified – is derived from the acceptation of the International Labor Organization (ILO), which adds groups of subordinated workers, that is to say, remunerated employees or with remuneration in species, without access to health services and social security, but working in companies or formal institutions.
The analysis reflected that for 2010 the bulk of the informal work, 57.4 percent were concentrated in the tertiary sector, added Samaniego.
The participation of men and women in the informality registered 58.7 percent for men and 59.5 percent for women. Thus, the total number of the informality within the total work force was 59 percent.
In the press conference Verónica Villarespe Reyes, director of the Institute of Economic Investigations (IIEc) emphasized that the research offers proposals and questions official data because they do not reflect the reality. We need to reorient the economic model with a clear social vision to aspire to the development.
The specialists presented the results of two studies made by researchers of public and private organizations of education and social groupings, including the UNAM, funded by the Department for International Development of the United Kingdom (DFID).
The first: Balance of the network of social protection in Mexico from the problematic of the poor workers of the informal economy; the second: Experiences and strategies of social protection from organizations of urban workers/informal workers in Mexico.
The second study mentioned was realized in the cities of Monterrey, Mexico, Oaxaca and Merida, with the participation of researchers of the University of Yucatan, the Metropolitan Independent University (UAM), Technology of Monterrey and the Independent University Benito Juárez de Oaxaca (UABJO).
Both works of analysis were realized with an equipment base constituted by researchers of the IIEc, the CIESAS-Gulf and the representation of the Federation of Non-Employed Workers.
In the case of the second study, Beatriz Torres of the University of Yucatan, explained that in the four referred cities a mapping was created on the groups of retailers, taxi drivers, shoeblacks, domestic workers, balloon vendors, cardboard pickers, caleche drivers, among others.
Among the findings, one was that the main preoccupations of the informal employees concentrate in the confrontation of death, the management of the Public Insurance, medical services and the home.
In addition, a great mass of disorganized workers was located and the unequal capacity of self-management of the respective unions.
Read the article in Spanish language.
Source: Quinceminutos.com.mx (by Alberto Mecinas)